1040 – 07 – Adding New Material to Metal
A metal’s make up isn’t uniform at all times. Usually, metal has variations in its composition – variations that will still be in the metal after the cutting process. Oftentimes, particles, called inclusions, within the metal are unwanted. They can have a negative effect on the metal’s machinability.
Not all inclusions are harder than the metal that surrounds it. Manufacturers will oftentimes use additives in a metal to improve machinability.
Free-machining steels have additives that make it easier to machine. Often, these additives include sulfur, lead, and bismuth, which act as lubricants. Sulfur also helps chips break appropriately.
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Name three common free machining steel additives that improve machinability.CorrectIncorrect